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Express Entry

Express Entry is the application process for skilled workers who want to settle life in Canada permanently. It is the new selection system for Canadian immigration, designed to select skilled workers for immigration to Canada. It is a points-based system where eligible candidates get a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score for human capital factors such as their age, education, language skills, work experience, and more.

This is the fastest and most popular pathway for newcomers seeking a new life in Canada. Interested Candidates are required to submit an online application to express their interest by creating Express Entry (EE) profile and, providing information about their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and some other details. 

After submitting the profile, candidates get a score to determine their place in the pool using the point-based system called Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS system considers skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other factors (e.g. having a sibling in Canada, Canadian education or a valid job offer in Canada, etc.) to award points. Highest ranking candidates from Express Entry pool are regularly invited to apply for Canadian Permanent Residence.



Requirements for Skilled Worker Eligibility

In order to be considered for the FSW program, a foreign worker must have ONE of the following: 

  1. at least one year continuous full-time or an equal amount in part-time, 
  2. meet the minimum language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 
  3. a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree or equivalent

How are Skilled Worker Applicants Evaluated?

In addition to the work requirements, applicants are assessed on a number of different “factors” about their personal circumstances and are awarded “points” for each factor.  Applicants are thEn evaluated on the six selection factors which determine their ability to adjust to the Canadian economy.

6 Selection Factors for Assessing Applicant’s Eligibility:

  1. their education 
  2. their abilities in English and/or French, Canada’s two official languages 
  3. their work experience 
  4. their age 
  5. whether they have arranged employment in Canada, and 
  6. their adaptability. 

An applicant must score 67 points out of a possible 100 to be eligible for the Skilled Worker visa.  Individuals must also show that they have enough money to support themselves and their dependents after they arrive in Canada.

The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade. This program was launched in 2013 to address the growing shortage of skilled trade workers in areas that were experiencing rapid growth due to the increasing strength of the economy.

Minimum Requirements to Qualify for FSTC Program

In order to be eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades Program, an applicant must: 

  1. Have offers of employment from up to two employers in Canada of at least one year duration OR a Certificate of Qualification from a provincial or territorial body 
  2. Provide proof of basic language proficiency from a designated language testing organization, demonstrating that the applicant meets the minimum threshold 
  3. Have obtained twenty-four months of qualified work experience in the skilled trade in the last five years; and 
  4. Be able to demonstrate the skills and experience and that they have performed the essential duties of the occupation.

Trade Categories:

Skilled Trades currently eligible for the Federal Skilled Trade Program are categorized under these major and minor group of the NOC: 

  1. Major Group 72: Industrial, electrical and construction trade 
  2. Major Group 73: Maintenance and equipment operation trades
  3. Major Group 82: Supervisor and technical jobs in natural resources, agricultural and related production 
  4. Major Group 92: Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 
  5. Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks, and 
  6. Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers.

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is an immigration program aimed to help temporary foreign workers and foreign students to apply their work

experience and education towards their applications for residency.  The Canadian Experience Class supports the transition from temporary residence to permanent residence, taking into account the time that the international student or skilled worker spent in Canada while contributing to Canadian society.

Minimum requirements

The applicant must:

  • have at least 12 months of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) skilled work experience in Canada in the three years before you apply,
  • have gained your experience in Canada with the proper authorization,
  • meet the required language levels needed for your job for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing and listening), 
  • plan to live outside the province of Quebec.

Skilled work experience

According to the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC), skilled work experience means: 

  • Managerial jobs (NOC skill level 0) 
  • Professional jobs (NOC skill type A) 
  • Technical jobs and skilled trades (NOC skill type B)

Your experience must be at least 12 months of full-time or an equal amount in part-time hours.


There is no education requirement for Canadian Experience Class. But, if the applicant wants to earn points for his/her education under Express Entry, the applicant either need: 

  • a Canadian secondary (high school) or post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree, 
  • an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report from an agency approved by CIC

Language ability

The applicant must: 

  • meet the minimum language level of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 for NOC 0 or A jobs OR Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 for NOC B jobs 
  • take a language test approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) that shows you meet the level for speaking, listening, reading and writing.